The actual use of symbolism dates back to the dawn of human history, as witnessed by the ancient artforms seen in caves and on rocks in many areas of the world. Symbolism as an art movement began in 19th century France. In the dictionary sense, "symbolism" means "the intentional and systematic use of representative imagery to express an allegorical meaning". In the case of this artist, the symbolism is entirely subconscious. The images presented themselves fully realized without the artists conscious input. They are, in that way, involuntary images.
These paintings use readily apparent symbols when coupled with their titles. Kites symbolize hope, which Aristotle described as "a waking dream". Balloons represent dreams, which can be insightful, provocative and, occasionally, precognitive. Books symbolize thoughts: contemplation, imagination, emotion and intellect, paintings which remind us of the need to be alone with our thoughts. Windchimes represent our physical lives, our living presence which produces the music that is our existence. Letters on paper, a rapidly vanishing communication form, symbolize the connection between and within ourselves. Other symbols employed are less obvious.